Birth Control

14 birth control methods
currently available to Edgerton patients.
Our staff make special efforts to match each patient with the best method for them.

  • Pills - This hormonal method prevents the ovary from releasing an egg, thus preventing pregnancy. Each pill must be taken at the same time everyday. Possible side effects my include breast tenderness, nausea and irregular bleeding. Not recommended for women over 35 who smoke.
  • Depo-Provera Shot - provides hormonal contraception for 3 months by preventing ovaries from releasing an egg. Changes in menstrual cycle will occur for most women using Depo, some may stop having periods completely. Continual bleeding can occur for some. It is 99% effective and has similar side effects as other hormonal methods.
  • Nuva-Ring - This small flexible plastic ring is inserted into the vagina and remains there for 3 weeks, virtually undetected by wearer or partner. Hormones are released into the bloodstream, preventing ovulation. Possible side effects are similar to other hormonal methods. Not recommended for women over 35 who smoke.
  • Patch - This small patch is applied once a week for three weeks and releases hormones into the bloodstream, preventing pregnancy. If used correctly, it is about 92% effective. It is not recommended for women over 35 or women who smoke.
  • Condoms -If a latex condom is rolled on the penis before there is any contact with the vagina, this method can be up to 88% effective. Condoms are available for purchase at reduced prices at Edgerton Monday - Friday during work hours.
  • Emergency Contraception (sometimes referred to as the 'morning after pill') -These pills contain the same hormones as birth control pills and prevent pregnancy in several ways; preventing ovulation, fertilization or implantation. If taken within 3 to 5 days of unprotected sex, they can prevent an unintended pregnancy.These pills do not cause an abortion. They are available at Edgerton Monday -Friday during work hours. No appointment necessary.
  • Diaphragm - This barrier method is fitted by our providers and instruction is given for correct use. There are few if any side effects with this non-hormonal method. If used correctly with spermicide, it is 94% effective.
  • Today Sponge - A small sponge-like object is placed in the vagina before intercourse. It contains spermicide and provides a barrier over the cervix. This method is available over the counter at most drug stores.
  • Abstinence counseling - The decision not to have sex or to stop having sex is complicated for some and requires serious consideration. Edgerton staff supports patients considering these options and provides counseling services for additional help.
  • Tubal Ligation - ("having tubes tied") is a permanent method of birth control. Done at the hospital, it is an outpatient procedure and involves cauterization or applying clips to each of the fallopian tubes to prevent the egg from entering the uterus.
  • Essure Sterilization - is a permanent method of birth control. The in-office procedure takes just 30 minutes, during which a micro-insert is placed into each of the fallopian tubes without making any incisions. This procedure is offered in our office.

Long acting, reversible birth control methods at NO or LOW cost include:

Paragard I.U.D. is a T-shaped plastic and copper device that is 99% effective. The copper acts as a spermicide and prevents the sperm from fertilizing the egg or the egg from implanting in the uterus. Paragard lasts up to 10 years, is easily reversible, safe for breastfeeding and has no hormones. A possible side effect is heavier, longer periods for approximately 3 months. This method should not be used by women with a history of pelvic inflammatory disease, anyone with a copper allergy or sufferers of Wilson's Disease. Paragard is not recommended for persons who have more than one sexual partner or their partner has more than one sexual partner.

Mirena I.U.D. is a flexible T-shaped, plastic IUD with the progesterone hormone, that is 99% effective. The hormones stop the release of eggs from the ovary, thicken cervical mucus and thin the lining of the uterus. Mirena lasts up to 5 years, is easily reversible, safe for breastfeeding and may make a person 'period-free' after one year. Side-effects include irregular bleeding and possible cramps or breast tenderness. Mirena should not be used by women with a history of pelvic inflammatory disease, liver disease or breast cancer. This method is not recommended for persons who have more than one sexual partner or their partner has more than one sexual partner.

Nexplanon - Is a discreet, flexible plastic rod about the size of a matchstick that is inserted under the skin of the arm through an in-office procedure, and remains effective for up to 3 years. Nexplanon stops the release of the egg from the ovary and thickens cervical mucus.Side effects include irregular bleeding that can last 3 years and possible mood swings, headaches or weight gain of 2 - 5 lbs over 3 years. This method is not recommended for women with a history of blood clots, liver disease or breast cancer. Nexplanon should not be used by women who have abnormal vaginal bleeding, are pregnant or suspect that they may be pregnant.